INTEGRATION HETEROGENEOUS NETWORKS. “Finally together”.
Not only can Linux communicate with other computers on Linux but also Windows and Macintosh machines as well as Novell and other networks. Sharing files is the most common use of a network. To share files in Linux-Windows heterogeneous networks have more than two options: NFS, Samba, etc..
Samba uses the same protocol that Microsoft uses to share files and printers on Windows homogeneous networks, to do the same on Linux machines
It is therefore necessary to install Samba on the Linux PC for that PC to be recognized on the local network in Microsoft Windows.
With the help of the program Samba, a Linux computer can be a file server and print for DOS machines, Windows or OS / 2.
Active Directory Support.
Are outstanding features of SAMBA:
- Significantly improved Unicode support.
- Internal mechanisms completely revised authentication.
- Better support of Windows printing system 200x/XP.
- Setting up as a member server in Active Directory domains.
- Adoption of NT4 domains to enable the migration of an NT4 domain to a Samba domain.
Samba uses the SMB protocol (Server Message Block) which is based on NetBIOS ™ services. On the insistence of IBM, Microsoft published the protocol for other companies to develop software to connect to a Microsoft network domains. As Samba uses the SMB protocol over TCP / IP, all clients must install the TCP / IP.
Todos los sistemas operativos ordinarios como Mac OS X, Windows y OS/2 soportan el protocolo SMB. Los ordenadores deben tener TCP/IP instalado. Samba™ proporciona un cliente para las diversas versiones UNIX. En el caso de Linux, existe para SMB un módulo del kernel para el sistema de archivos que permite integrar recursos SMB a nivel del sistema en Linux.
In networks with large numbers of Windows clients, it is preferred that users can only access resources with your username and password. A Samba server can perform this authentication. In a Windows-based network, Windows-NT/200x/XP/Vista/W7 server handles this task when configured as a Primary Domain Controller (PDC).
With Macintosh (Apple).
The netatalk package allows you to deploy a powerful file server and print to Apple customers. It is possible to access computer data from Linux or Macintosh machine to print to a printer connected.
Netatalk is a Unix software package based on the DDP (Datagram Delivery Protocol) kernel and implement the AppleTalk protocol family (ADSP, ATP, ASP, RTMP, NBP, ZIP, AEP and PAP).
On the server, while you can export directories via Samba (Windows Client, see previous chapter) and NFS (see Distributed File System), which is very useful in heterogeneous network environments. Data protection and management of access rights can be done centrally on the Linux server.
In the standard configuration, Netatalk is now a fully functional file server for all users registered on the Linux system. To use additional features, you need to make some adjustments to the configuration files.
Generally, an AppleShare server not only provides its services via AppleTalk, but also "encapsulated" through TCP / IP. The default port is 548. If you want to have more AppleShare server (same computer) that also operate over TCP / IP, you must assign dedicated ports. Providing services via TCP / IP allows access to the server via AppleTalk networks which are not, such as Internet.
Novell Netware Emulation.
Replacing a file server and print from Novell Netware 2.2 or 3.11 by MARSNWE Netware emulator is relatively straightforward. It can also be used as IPX router, but can not emulate the additional benefits of newer versions such as NDS directory services (Netware Directoy Services). Workstations with DOS or Windows that are already configured to access a Netware server 2.2/3.11/3.12 require almost no modification to use the Linux server with Netware emulator MARSNWE. The administration is done directly from Linux.